Because I lived in the Great Lakes region, the focus here is primarily on the peoples of this area. I now live in the Rockies, so there is information regarding tribes of the Mountain West. Some of the resources provided include peoples from other areas.


Holmes, E.M. "Medicinal Plants Used by Cree Indians, Hudson's Bay Territory." The Pharmaceutical Journal and Transactions, 15:302-304, 1884

Siegfried, Evelyn Vicky. "Ethnobotany of the Northern Cree of Wabasca/Desmarais." [thesis] Archealogy, University of Calgary, 1994. ISBN 0315994878


Snell, Alma Hogan. A Taste of Heritage: Crow Indian Recipes & Herbal Medicines. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2006   ISBN  978-0-8032-9353-3



Chamberlain, Ralph Vary. The Ethnobotany of the Gosiute Indians of Utah - Primary Source Edition. [Republish of  American Anthropological Association, originally published in May 1911] Nabu Press, 2013.   ISBN   978-1293168431

Ojibwa, Chippewa

Plants Used by the Great Lakes Ojibwa. Odanah, WI: Great Lakes Indian Fish and Fish and Wildlife Commission, 1993.  ISBN 0966582012

Densmore, Frances. How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine and Crafts.  New York: Dover Publications, 1973.  ISBN 0486230198

Wood, Mathew. Seven Herbs--Plants as Teachers. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 1986, 1987  ISBN 0938190911






Manataka American Indian Council

Smith, Huron H.  Ethnobotany of the Forest Potawatomi Indians. Milwaukee: Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee, May 1933  ISBN-10: 0404156894, ISBN-13: 978-0404156893


Stoffle, Richard W., et al. Calculating the Cultural Significance of American Indian Plants: Paiute and Shoshone

Ethnobotany at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USAAmerican Anthropologist 92(2):416-432. 1990


Atwood, Mary Dean. Spirit Herbs: Native American Healing. New York: Sterling Publishing, 1998.  ISBN 0806938625

Bryan, Nonabah G. Navaho Native Dyes: Their Preparation and Use. Palmer Lake, Colorado: The Filter Press, 1978.  ISBN 0910584575

Buhner, Stephn Harrod.  Sacred Plant Medicine: Explorations in the Practice of Indigenous Herbalism. Boulder, Colorado: Roberts Rinehart Publishers, 1996.  ISBN 1570980861

Erichson-Brown, Charlotte.  Medicinal and Other Uses of North American Plants: A historical Survey with Special Reference to the Eastern Indian Tribes. Mineola, NY: Dover, 1989  ISBN 048625951X

Gilmore, Melvin R. Uses of Plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region. University of Nebraska Press, 1977.  ISBN  0803209351

Hutchens, Alma R. Indian Herbalogy of North America. Boston: Shambhala Publications,  1991, 1973.  ISBN 978877736394

Kavasch, E. Barrie. Native Harvests: American Indian Wild Foods and Recipes. Mineola, NY: Dover, 2005, 1977.  ISBN  048644063X

Miczak, Marie. Nature's Weeds, Native Medicine. Twin Lates, Wisconsin: Lotus Press. 1999.  ISBN 0914955489

Minnis, Paul E. and Elisens, Wayne J. eds. Biodiversity in North America. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000.  ISBN 0806133457

Moerman, Daniel E. Native America Ethnobotany. Portland: Timber Press, 1998. ISBN 881924534

Perrone, Bobette; Stockel, H. Henrietta; Krueger, Victoria. Medicine Women, Curanderas, and Women Doctors. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989.  ISBN  0806125128

Phillips, H. Wayne. Plants of the Lewis & Clark Expedition. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Company, 2003.  ISBN  0878424776

Seton, Julia  M. American Indian Arts. New York: The Ronald Press, 1962

Vogel, Virgil J. American Indian Medicine. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.  ISBN 0806122935

Walker, Marilyn. Harvesting the Northern Wild. Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada: The Northern Publishers, 1984 ISBN 0919315100

Weiner, Michael A. Earth Medicine-Earth Food. New York: Ballantine Books, 1972, 1980.  0449905896